1. Use the shortest leader possible when fishing underwater. — Lefty Kreh

2. The surgeon's knot, much easier to tie than the blood knot, is also stronger. — Lefty Kreh

3. To get the test equivalent of tippet material using the "X" factor, subtract to x number by 8. Example, 5X subracted from 8 equals 3 pounds test. — Lefty Kreh

4. Wade upstream, not downstream. Noise will be muffled and you won't spook fish by dislodging material. — Art Lee

5. The five best times to fish for big browns are: early in the morning at first light; the last half hour before dark and at night; after a summer rainstorm that muddies and cools the water; during a spawning run; and during a hatch of large insects such as the salmon flies or Green Drakes. — Dale Spartas

6. A standard dry fly should hold up through a dozen fish, a typical nymph or wet fly through 20. Fifty fish is possible with a rugged streamer. — David Lee

7. Marabou apears thicker when wet so a small amount creates the proper illusion. Erratic stripping with a marabou pattern is much less effective than a dead drift or steady retrieve. — Hal Janssen

8. A Duncan loop or Uniknot allows a nymph to sink faster and move much more naturally in the water than a clinch knot. — Dave Whitlock